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英语莱吧第191周晨读材料
发布时间:2019-04-12 来源:   【关闭】

[Education Report]Number of US Students Studying Abroad Continues to Grow

Frances Downey grew up listening to stories about her mother studying at a university outside of the United States.

Her mother spent one year studying abroad through an international exchange program with a French school. She often talked about how exciting and interesting the experience was.

So, even before Downey finished high school, she had decided she would someday follow her mother's path.

The Silver Spring, Maryland-native began studying architecture at Lehigh University in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania in 2004. Near the end of her second year, Downey started to feel unhappy with her school and decided it was time to study abroad.

U.S. colleges and universities commonly have partnerships and joint programs with foreign schools that permit student exchanges. These programs usually last half or sometimes a whole school year. The classes students take abroad usually give them credit toward their degree.

In a four-year degree program, the third year is the most common time for American college students to study abroad. Many students feel they need a change before what is usually their final and most difficult year of study.

Downey said her school did not want her to go at first. The architecture program at Lehigh is very intense, and her professors were worried she might miss learning important material. However, she was eventually able to get special permission to study outside Lehigh.

She chose to study internationally for a whole year. During the fall 2006 term, she attended the Danish International School in Copenhagen, Denmark. Downey said she did so because Danish architects are known for their housing design.

However, she had a lot of emotional and financial support from her family. She said she learned life lessons and made friendships and memories that have lasted to this day. She liked being abroad so much that during the 2007 summer break, she spent several weeks on a study trip through Lehigh in Vicenza, Italy.

"The more you're out of your comfort zone, the more rewarding the experience is in the end," Downey told VOA.

[Bilingual Story]

美国仍然是留学生的首选目的地,目前有超过100万人,是排在其后的英国拥有的留学生人数的两倍多。但根据国际教育协会(IIE)年度开放门户报告的数据,去年来美留学生增加了1.5%,但新生入学率,特别是本科生,下降了6.6%,上一年也是同样的趋势。教育工作者表示,美国公立大学每年的学费约为2万美元,精英私立大学的学费超过7万美元,在全球竞争加剧的情况下,这使得美国对国际学生的吸引力降低.国际教育协会的发言人凯瑟琳·莫里斯表示,65%的国际学生依赖国际资金来源超过一半的学生(59%)则靠自己的个人和家庭资助。在本科生中则有82%依靠个人和家庭资助。大多数外国学生不符合获得美国学校的经济援助的标准。来自中国和印度的留学生占国际学生的近一半,分别为363,341人和196,271人。两年前印度的货币政策调整导致许多希望前往美国求学的学生失去了资金来源。而在国际学生中占主导的中国学生,据报道对身边的美国学生获得补贴而自己付全额学费越来越不满。美国大学协会主席林恩帕斯克雷拉说,目前的高等教育财政模式是不可持续的。他说,我们不能一直对国际提高学费或增加国内学生的贷款债务。

The U.S. remains the top destination in the world for more than 1 million visiting students — hosting more than double the next country, the United Kingdom. But while 1.5 percent more students studied in the U.S. last year, the rate of new enrollments — specifically, undergraduate students — declined by 6.6 percent, a trend first seen the preceding year, according to the Institute for International Education's (IIE) annual Open Doors report.

Tuition costs of around $20,000 a year for public institutions to more than $70,000 for elite private universities, make the U.S. look less attractive to international students, as global competition increases, educators said.

65% of international students rely on “international funding sources” said IIE spokesperson Catherine Morris, “with well over half of all students (59 percent) funded through their own personal and family funding.”

Among undergraduates, 82 percent rely on personal and family funding. Most are not eligible for financial aid at U.S. schools.

China and India send nearly half of all international students, 363,341 and 196,271, respectively, to the U.S. A currency correction in India two years ago wiped out funding sources for many students there hoping to head to the U.S. And Chinese students, who dominate the population of international students, report growing discontent with paying full tuition next to subsidized domestic students.


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